alternative career opportunities ugc net exam

Alternative Career Opportunities After UGC NET Exam

The UGC NET is a prominent national-level examination in India held by the National Testing Agency (NTA) on behalf of the UGC. 

It determines the eligibility of candidates for Assistant Professorship and Junior Research Fellowship (JRF) in Indian universities and colleges. The exam consists of 2 papers–Paper I tests teaching and research aptitude, while Paper II is subject-specific. 

Candidates must hold a Master’s degree with at least 55% marks, and age limits apply for JRF. The UGC NET is conducted online and includes multiple-choice questions. Successfully clearing this exam is essential for those aspiring to academic and research careers, which provide opportunities for teaching positions and research fellowships in various higher education institutions. 

When is the UGC NET Exam Held?

The UGC NET is held two times a year, typically in the months of June and December. The exact dates may vary each year, and the National Testing Agency (NTA) announces the specific dates and schedule for the exams. 

The detailed notification, including important dates for application, exam, and results, is usually released on the official NTA website a few months before the examination. 

The UGC NET (University Grants Commission National Eligibility Test) June 2024 examination was originally scheduled for June 18, 2024. However, the exam has been postponed, and new dates are expected to be announced soon. The examination updates will be provided on the official NTA website.

Alternative Career Options other than UGC-NET

There are numerous viable paths for those looking beyond the UGC-NET for career opportunities in academia and beyond. Whether you are considering online education or traditional routes, each option offers unique benefits. Below, we explore ten alternative career options, detailing the eligibility requirements, fees, salary prospects, and best institutions for each.

#1. Teaching

Teaching is a dignified and fulfilling profession that offers the chance to shape young minds and contribute to society. With the increasing availability of distance education programs, aspiring educators can pursue teaching degrees online, making it more accessible than ever.

Eligibility RequirementA Bachelor’s degree in Education (B.Ed) for primary and secondary school teaching. A Master’s degree and NET qualification for university-level teaching.
FeesB.Ed program fees range from INR 30,000 to INR 1,00,000 per year. Master’s degree fees can vary significantly, averaging INR 10,000 to INR 50,000 per semester.
SalaryPrimary and secondary school teachers earn around INR 3 to 5 LPA initially. University-level teachers and professors can start at INR 6 to 9 LPA, with senior positions earning upwards of INR 15 LPA.
Best Universities for pursuing this careerTata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS) University of Delhi Banaras Hindu University (BHU)

#2. Online MBA

An Online MBA equips professionals with management and leadership skills, enhancing career prospects in various sectors such as finance, marketing, and human resources.

Eligibility RequirementBachelor’s degree with a minimum of 50% marks. Some programs may require work experience.
FeesTypically ranges from INR 50,000 to INR 3,00,000 for the entire course.
SalaryAverage starting salary is around INR 6 to 10 LPA. With experience, salaries can exceed INR 20 LPA.
Best Universities for pursuing this careerIndian School of Business (ISB), Symbiosis Centre for Distance Learning (SCDL), Amity University Online

#3. Chartered Accountant (CA)

Becoming a CA is one of the most respected professions in India, offering extensive opportunities in finance and accounting, both in the public and private sectors.

Eligibility10+2 examinations passed.
RegistrationRegistration with the ICAI and completion of the CA Foundation Course.
FeesApproximate total cost for the entire course is INR 2,00,000.
SalaryStarting salary is around INR 6 to 7 LPA. Experienced CAs can earn upwards of INR 25 LPA.
Best UniversitiesThe Institute of Chartered Accountants of India (ICAI)

#4. Certified Management Accountant (CMA)

The CMA designation is ideal for those interested in managerial accounting and financial management, with a global recognition that opens doors in various industrie

Eligibility Requirement

Bachelor’s degree in any discipline, Enrollment in the CMA program.


Total fees range from INR 80,000 to INR 1,50,000.


Average salary is between INR 5 to 8 LPA. Senior positions can offer salaries above INR 15 LPA.

Best Universities

The Institute of Cost Accountants of India (ICMAI)

#5. Data Science and Analytics

Data Science is a booming field, with high demand for professionals skilled in analyzing complex data to help businesses make informed decisions.

Eligibility Requirement

Bachelor’s degree in Engineering, Science, or Mathematics. Some programs may require prior knowledge of programming.


Course fees range from INR 1,00,000 to INR 5,00,000.


Entry-level data scientists earn around INR 8 to 12 LPA. With experience, salaries can exceed INR 20 LPA.

Best Universities

Indian Institute of Science (IISc), Great Lakes Institute of Management, Jigsaw Academy

#6. Law (LLB/LLM)

A career in law offers diverse opportunities in corporate firms, legal consultancy, judiciary, and public service. Those who failed UGC-NET examination can opt for this option and enhance their career.

Eligibility Requirement

Bachelor’s degree for LLB., LLB degree for LLM.


Fees range from INR 1,00,000 to INR 2,00,000 per year.


Starting salary for lawyers is around INR 3 to 5 LPA., Experienced lawyers can earn upwards of INR 15 LPA.

Best Universities

National Law School of India University

#7. Digital Marketing

Digital Marketing is a rapidly growing field, ideal for creative individuals interested in online marketing strategies, social media, SEO, and content marketing.

Eligibility Requirement

Bachelor’s degree in any discipline., Knowledge of basic marketing concepts is beneficial.


Course fees range from INR 20,000 to INR 1,50,000.


Starting salary is around INR 3 to 5 LPA., With experience, salaries can exceed INR 10 LPA.

Best Universities

Digital Vidya, UpGrad, Manipal ProLearn

#8. Project Management

Project management is a vital skill in various industries, ensuring projects are completed on time, within budget, and to the desired quality standards. With growing demand for skilled project managers, this field offers promising career prospects.

Eligibility Requirement

Bachelor’s degree in any discipline. PMP–Project Management Professional certification is highly regarded.


PMP certification costs range from INR 40,000 to INR 60,000. Additional fees for training programs and materials.


Entry-level project managers earn around INR 7 to 10 LPA. Experienced project managers can earn upwards of INR 20 LPA.

Best Institutions

Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Symbiosis Institute of Management Studies, Project Management Institute (PMI)

#9.Public Sector Jobs (UPSC, SSC)

Public sector jobs offer job security, attractive salaries, and the opportunity to serve the nation, making them highly sought after by many graduates.

Eligibility Requirement

Bachelor’s degree in any discipline. Specific requirements vary by exam and position.


Application fees range from INR 100 to INR 500.


Starting salary for government jobs is around INR 7 to 10 LPA. Senior positions can offer salaries above INR 20 LPA.

Best Universities for pursuing this career

Vajiram & Ravi, Rau’s IAS Study Circle, Chanakya IAS Academy.

#10. Entrepreneurship and Startups

Entrepreneurship is a path for those with innovative ideas and a risk-taking attitude. It allows individuals to create their own business ventures and potentially achieve significant financial success.

Eligibility Requirement

A business-related degree can be beneficial. Strong business plan and capital.


Varies significantly based on the nature of the business.


Income can vary widely based on business success. Potential for high earnings if the business is successful.

Best Universities for pursuing this career

Indian School of Business (ISB) – Startup Accelerator, IIM Bangalore – NSRCEL, Y Combinator

How to Prepare for the Next UGC NET Examination?

The UGC NET (University Grants Commission National Eligibility Test) is a prestigious and crucial examination for aspiring academicians and researchers in India. Clearing the UGC NET not only qualifies candidates for the role of Assistant Professor but also for the Junior Research Fellowship (JRF), opening doors to advanced research opportunities and teaching positions in universities and colleges. 

Given its importance, thorough preparation is essential. Here is a step-by-step guide to help you prepare effectively for the UGC NET examination.

Step-by-Step Preparation Guide for UGC NET

#1. Understand the Exam Pattern and Syllabus

Exam Pattern: Familiarize yourself with the UGC NET exam structure, which consists of two papers. Paper I is general and tests teaching/research aptitude, while Paper II is subject-specific.

Syllabus: Download and study the detailed syllabus for both papers from the official UGC NET website. Make a list of all the topics and sub-topics that need to be covered.

#2. Create a Study Plan

Time Control: Allocate specific time slots for each subject and topic. Ensure you dedicate ample time for revision.

Daily Targets: Set achievable daily and weekly study targets. Break down the syllabus into manageable sections and focus on completing them systematically.

#3. Collect Study Materials

Books and Resources: Gather the best books and study materials for UGC NET preparation. Refer to recommended authors and publications.

Online Resources: Utilize online platforms, including UGC NET-specific websites, YouTube channels, and educational apps that offer study materials and video lectures.

#4. Focus on Paper I Preparation

Teaching and Research Aptitude: Concentrate on topics like teaching methods, research ethics, and higher education systems in India.

Reasoning and General Awareness: Practice logical reasoning, comprehension, and general awareness questions regularly.

#5. In-depth Study for Paper

Subject Knowledge: Dive deep into your chosen subject for Paper II. Ensure you cover all the important theories, concepts, and applications.

Previous Year Papers: Solve previous years’ UGC NET question papers to understand the types of questions asked and the difficulty level.

#6. Regular Practice and Mock Tests

Mock Tests: Take regular mock tests to simulate the exam environment and assess your preparation level. Analyze your performance and work on weak areas.

Timed Practice: Practice solving questions within a set time limit to improve speed and accuracy.

#7. Revision and Note

Revision: Regularly revise all the topics you have studied to ensure they stay fresh in your memory.

Notes: Make concise notes of important points, formulas, and concepts. These will be useful for quick revisions before the exam

#8. Stay Updated

Current Affairs: Keep yourself updated with the latest developments in your subject area and current affairs, especially those related to education and research.

UGC Notifications: Regularly check the official UGC NET website for any updates or notifications regarding the exam.

#9. Healthy Lifestyle and Stress Management

Balanced Diet: Maintain a healthy diet to keep your energy levels up.

Exercise and Relaxation: Incorporate regular physical exercise and relaxation techniques like meditation to manage stress effectively.

#10. Seek Guidance and Support

Coaching Classes: If needed, join a reputed coaching class for structured guidance and support.

Study Groups: Form or join study groups with fellow UGC NET aspirants to share knowledge resources and motivate each other.


Preparing for the UGC NET exam requires dedication, strategic planning, and consistent effort. By following these steps and utilizing the available resources, you can enhance your chances of success. Remember, the key to cracking the UGC-NET lies in understanding the exam pattern, thorough knowledge of the syllabus, regular practice, and staying updated with current trends. It’s also crucial to maintain a healthy lifestyle and manage stress effectively. Seeking guidance from coaching classes or study groups can provide additional support and motivation. With the right approach and mindset, you can achieve your goal of qualifying for the UGC NET and open up a plethora of opportunities in academia and research. Good luck!

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